Some of the threats to your landscaping trees are nearly unavoidable, like insect infestations and some tree diseases. Luckily, though, many of the things that threaten your trees are in your control. Understanding how your actions and some environmental threats affect your trees can help you combat many of the damaging issues. Here are a few of the things that can damage your trees and what you should know about them.
Particularly with new trees, the early stages after planting are vital to the tree's rooting and future growth. It's important that you familiarize yourself with the amount of water the tree needs each day so that you can ensure that you aren't over or under watering it. If your tree didn't come with care instructions that detailed the watering requirements, an arborist can help.
Trees that aren't getting enough water will show signs of dehydration. Most of the signs are easy to spot, including yellow or brown hues to the leaves, brown spots on the edges of the leaves and small branch and leaf growth.
As much as insufficient water can harm a tree, so can excessive watering. Overwhelming a tree's roots with too much water will lead to weak, spindly growth. This happens because all of the water causes the tree to grow rapidly, but it doesn't give the branches enough time to thicken up and strengthen before more growth causes them to expand further. Weak growth can leave your tree vulnerable to pest infestations and diseases due to insufficient strength in the trunk and branches.
Most of the traffic that your lawn will see isn't going to harm your trees. Your trees and their roots won't typically be affected by things like kids playing in the yard and typical landscaping equipment. Unfortunately, heavy vehicles and other equipment in your yard can do more damage than this. With too much weight on the soil around the tree roots, you'll find that the tree roots are likely to become compacted. That can hinder water and nutrient absorption, which may prevent the tree from thriving.
In the colder climates, the salt used to treat the roads during the winter months can be devastating for trees. If the runoff from the road flows back to your yard or the local plow service pushes snow banks up to the lawn edge, you're going to have salt mixed into the snow. When the snow and rock salt start to melt and soak into the soil, it's going to cause an oversaturation of salt in the soil, which will lead to an imbalance of nutrients in the tree. Just like having too much salt in your diet can lead to health problems such as water retention and hypertension, too much salt in a tree's nutrients can interfere with the growth patterns and can affect nutrient absorption.Share